People living in the Kruger to Canyons Biosphere Region (K2C BR) are fortunate to be custodians of one of the most beautiful landscapes on earth.
This covers the Escarpment Mountains with its grasslands and afro-montane forests towering over the savannah bushveld in the lower lying areas – known as the Lowveld, where huge areas are designated as formal conservation lands. The life giving waters that are captured and then released by the higher rainfall in the Escarpment Mountains link these three biomes and the people and their livelihoods through the rivers flowing towards the Indian Ocean.
This endowment described above offers unique opportunities and responsibilities to the custodians of the land and thus contributed towards the establishment of the K2C Biosphere Region (ratified by UNESCO in 2001)
History in the Kruger to Canyons Region is diverse and very colourful, from early evidence of Stone Age people from around 1.5 million to 9 000 years ago, through to more modern historical sequences such as the political development of South Africa.
Records indicate that the San were the first inhabitants of this area, however, they seemed to have been killed off by the early Black immigrants that moved down here from the North. This seems to line up with the early Iron Age People (AD 200 - AD 1400). Populations of these early immigrants were very small and were mainly metal workers, farmers, potters and herders.
Large portions of the lower lying regions in the K2C region were uninhabitable on a permanent basis due to the presence of both Malaria and more so, the dreaded disease known as “sleeping sickness” transferred by the tsetse fly and affected both man and his cattle.