Records indicate that the San were the first inhabitants of this area, however, they seemed to have been killed off by the early Black immigrants that moved down here from the North. This seems to line up with the early Iron Age People (AD 200 -
Large portions of the lower lying regions in the K2C region were uninhabitable on a permanent basis due to the presence of both Malaria and more so, the dreaded disease known as “sleeping sickness” transferred by the tsetse fly and affected both man and his cattle. .
However, more and more, we are both feeling the need and being presented with indication of our connection and integral reliance on the world around us.
It is only when we start linking into and becoming part of the world around us and seeing it as an extension of ourselves, that we will truly start looking after it. This includes our friends, family and the society around us as well as the physical world and the geography and geology around us and similarly, the environmental world of fauna and flora around us.
The principles of the Biosphere try to help and assist in creation or showcasing these links and ties and connections either between different communities, or between individuals and communities and the environment around them.
Holistic and “single vision management” has a far greater chance at success and resilience into the future,than does a patchworked, broken and un-
However, in order to enable such a vision, we also need to ensure that we know as much as is possible as regards the various factors and sectors within the K2C region.
The first Europeans arrived into the are around 1838, with a second group arriving in 1844. Neither were able to settle permanently as a result of the losses sustained from sleeping sickness and the tstetse fly. Many of the initial European settlers, as with their native counterparts, settled in the higher lying regions and moved down into the lowveld to hunt game for trade and for the pot.
As more and more settlers moved to the region, there were greater pressures inflicted on the wildlife population. It was only in 1891 that any kind of hunting legislation was introduced and finally in 1898, the Sabie Game Reserve -
Policy, focus and strategy of conservation has changed greatly over the years, yet Kruger National Park still remains one of the leaders in the industry and has been able to establish a great deal of data and historical records on conservation attempts implemented that are able to guide and assist more advanced and informed decisions made today.