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Our History

History in the Kruger to Canyons Region is diverse and very colourful from early evidence of Stone Age people from around 1.5 million to 9 000 years ago, through to  more modern historical sequences such as the political development of South Africa.

Records indicate that the San were the first inhabitants of this area, however, they seemed to have been killed off by the early Black immigrants that moved down here from the North.   This seems to line up with the early Iron Age People (AD 200 - AD 1400).   Populations of these early immigrants were very small and were mainly metal workers, farmers, potters and herders.   

Large portions of the lower lying regions in the K2C region were uninhabitable on a permanent basis due to the presence of both Malaria and more so, the dreaded disease known as “sleeping sickness” transferred by the tsetse fly and affected both man and his cattle. .

However, more and more, we are both feeling the need and being presented with indication of our connection and integral reliance on the world around us.

It is only when we start linking into and becoming part of the world around us and seeing it as an extension of ourselves, that we will truly start looking after it.   This includes our friends, family and the society around us as well as the physical world and the geography and geology around us and similarly, the environmental world of fauna and flora around us.

The principles of the Biosphere try to help and assist in creation or showcasing these links and ties and connections either between different communities, or between individuals and communities and the environment around them.

Holistic and “single vision management” has a far greater chance at success and resilience into the future,than does a patchworked, broken and un-homogenous form of management.

However, in order to enable such a vision, we also need to ensure that we know as much as is possible as regards the various factors and sectors within the K2C region.


The first Europeans arrived into the are around 1838, with a second group arriving in 1844.  Neither were able to settle permanently as a result of the losses sustained from sleeping sickness and the tstetse fly.    Many of the initial European settlers, as with their native counterparts, settled in the higher lying regions and moved down into the lowveld to hunt game for trade and for the pot.

As more and more settlers moved to the region, there were greater pressures inflicted on the wildlife population.   It was only in 1891 that any kind of hunting legislation was introduced and finally in 1898, the Sabie Game Reserve - the precursor to the world renown Kruger National Park, was established. (Carruthers 1995).   The Anglo Boer war broke out in 1899 during which time there was little control or protection offered in the original reserve and it was only in 1902, once the victorious British “proclaimed” the reserve once again, that conservation of our wilderness started in earnest.

Policy, focus and strategy of conservation has changed greatly over the years, yet Kruger National Park still remains one of the leaders in the industry and has been able to establish a great deal of data and historical records on conservation attempts implemented that are able to guide and assist more advanced and informed decisions made today.

Biosphere History

The decision to form a biosphere within the Lowveld Region was taken and initiated by the greater community of the central lowveld and from there was presented to government for support and shared development

The history of the decision to form a Biosphere in the Lowveld

Archaeology

Archaeology is rife in the k2C region.  The Lowveld Region on whole is dotted with hills and valleys where you will find traces of the early San (Bushmen) people to iron age ruins

Archeological evidence in the K2C Region

Tribal History European Exploration The Gold Rush Hunting Disease Colonisation Local Extinctions
Stone Age Metal Age Copper & Currency

Regional History

History in the Kruger to Canyons Region is diverse and very colourful from early evidence of Stone Age people from around 1.5 million to 9 000 years ago, through to  more modern historical sequences such as the political development of South Africa.

General History of the K2C Region

Early Trade KNP History Park Pressures Ecosystem Health Transfrontier Park MORE >>> MORE >>> MORE >>>