The majority of the population lives under poor-
Ninety percent live outside urban areas compared with a national average of 35%. Twenty percent of the population is under the age of four, and half are under fifteen years old.
Population growth is significantly above that of South Africa as a whole with annual increases of 3.5% in total size (nationally the rate is 2.4% p.a.).
A high proportion of the population is not economically active, with households relying on subsistence farming, old age pensions and remittances from relatives working outside the area to survive.